Guides for Monitoring and Evaluation


Since the Paris declaration stated the importance of measuring results of implemented programmes, the Monitoring and Evaluation sector has grown.

However, M&E can often appear confusing, steeped in jargon and inaccessible to the newcomer. People tend to misunderstand a lot of the terms and misuse the phrases. There are wide misconceptions about the intentions and purposes of Monitoring and Evaluation, so we decided to give a few introductory tips to those out there who are recently discovering the sector.

There are some great resources out there, it’s sometimes just a case of finding them. We recommend these guides to start you off:


The Accra Agenda for Action

It’s not exactly M&E, but it’s important to understand the context the M&E as a sector has been borne into. This document lists the principles upon which most International organisations now base their practices – and that extends to M&E.



OXFAM “Impact measurement and Accountability in Emergencies: The good Enough Guide”.

This guide was put together by seven of the BINGOs and is therefore a must if you are working alongside any of them. It has a specific focus on emergency contexts and helps guide good practice



IFRC “Project Monitoring and Evaluation Guide”

This guide came highly recommended from two of our members of staff, along with internet reviews. It is intended as a desktop reference that helps implement M&E systems, as opposed to their more practical pocket guide (‘PMER Pocket Guide’)



Alnap “Evaluation of Humanitarian Action Guide”.

At 429 pages this is nice and comprehensive! After several stages of intensive review and pilots the guide was released in 2013 and is still considered one of the key texts in the sector.



UNDP “Handbook for Planning, Monitoring and Evaluating for Development Results”.

This is an update of UNDP’s handbook from 2002 so expect a more results orientated guide and a focus on real, tangible, on the ground change.




World Bank “Monitoring & Evaluation: Some tools, methods and approaches”.

This World Bank guide gives you the tools you need to get M+E running in your organisation. Not sure what approach to take? Or how much time you’ll need? World Bank spells it out, along with the pros and cons of each method so that you can make informed decisions.


Oxford University “Step by Step Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation”.

Ever struggled to apply theory to reality? Then this guide is for you. It provides resources and advice based on evidence and the author’s own experience in the field.


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